ACTUALLY EXISTING SCULPTURE
In 1979, in a justly well-known article, ‘Sculpture in the Expanded Field’, Rosalind Krauss wrote that some very strange items had lately been called ‘sculpture’, so that the concept seemed to be in the process of becoming ‘infinitely malleable’, and indeed to be in danger of collapse. She saw the core role and concept of sculpture as having been eroded by a questioning of its monumental and memorial functions, and that in its dissipation, sculpture had become part of a group of related practices (which encompass performance, land art, appropriation, installation, and so on). What could be firmly identified as ‘sculpture’ was defined only negatively, as that which did not fit into the categories of ‘landscape’ or ‘architecture’. The field which she described has persisted, and while museums and galleries display lots of things that look sculptural, few of them are unequivocally sculptures, and there are few artists who would describe themselves as sculptors.